New Genes Linked to Alzheimer’s
Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), also known as just Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s disease, named after the doctor who first founded it, Alois Alzheimer. It is a physical disease that affects the brain.Dementia is mostly caused by Alzheimer’s.
The word dementia can be defined as a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties while thinking, language or problem-solving. These changes are generally small to start with, but for may affect daily life in long run. A person with dementia may also experience sudden changes in their mood or behaviour.
How it effect your brain?
During the disease, proteins build up in the brain to form small structures called ‘plaques’ and ‘tangles’. Thus leading to the breaking of connections between various nerve cells, eventually leading to death of nerve cells and loss of brain tissues. People with Alzheimer’s have shortage of some important chemical(s) in their brain. These chemical(s) messengers aid transmitting signals around the brain. When there is a shortage of such chemical(s), the signals are not being transmitted as effectively. Alzheimer’s is a continuous and progressive disease. This means that slowly, over time, more parts of the brain get damaged.
The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease are generally mild to start with, but they get worse over the period of time and start to interfere with the daily life.
Memory loss due to Alzheimer’s disease interferes with daily life as the condition keeps on progressing. The person may then show these symptoms:
- Lose important items (eg keys, glasses) in the house.
- Struggle to find the right word during conversation or forget names.
- Forget about current conversations.
- Get lost in a known place or on a familiar journey
- Forget appointments or other important dates.
Scientists are studying why these symptoms occur and are studying new treatments— both drug and non-drug—to manage these changes. Study has shown that treating behavioral symptoms can make people with Alzheimer’s disease more comfortable and make things easier for caretakers.
Support from Families and Caretakers:
Caring for a person with Alzheimer’s can have high monetary and emotional. There are many evidence-based approaches and programs that can help. The researchers are continuing to look for new ways to support caretakers.
Current treatments :
Treatments available for Alzheimer’s disease can boost the level of chemical(s) messengers inside the brain, it can help with some of the symptoms.