Behavioral Disorders In Children
Nobody’s perfect and all children will have the session of bad behavior. They may have anger outbursts or talk back to their parents or teachers. When things start to get uncontrollable it may be a clue that something in the child or teen’s life needs awareness. Children and teens may seem irritable or even hostile when they are tired or aren’t feeling well.
They may argue with parents or disregard them. Young children may tell a lie because they are too young to understand the difference between the truth and a lie. Sometimes they lie to get themselves out of trouble.
When they act this way every time or when this conduct gets them into trouble all the time at home, at school or with other kids in the surroundings, they may have what we call a disruptive behavioral disorder in children.
Types of Behavioral Disorders
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is a kind of behavior problem in which children are openly hostile, uncooperative and irritable. They get angry and are mean and spiteful towards others. They often do things to knowingly annoy other people.
Most of their resistant behavior is directed at authority figures but they also sometimes behave the same way for their siblings, playmates or classmates. Their home life, school life and peer relationships are negatively influenced because of the way they think and behave.
Conduct Disorder (CD) is a more serious phase of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). A child with Conduct Disorder is not just a child being “bad”. It is a serious psychiatric disorder that requires professional help.
Children with this state are aggressive all the time in a way that causes problems for them and their family. They may frighten or actually harm people or animals or they may damage or destroy property. Children may steal or even be involved in breaking and entering.
They may assume that other people are being mean to them or wish them harm when that isn’t the case at all. Their language skills may be weakened, which means they have trouble using words and may act out instead. They may have difficulty in making friends with other children and may feel sad, frustrated and angry as a result.
Children with ODD are more probable than other children to have a family history of behavior problems, mood problems or substance misuse. Sometimes if care is poor, supervision is lacking or there is family discord or exposure to violence, children will answer by developing the symptoms of ODD. Having a mother with untreated depression also makes children more probably to have ODD.
Both ODD and CD are associated with harsh parenting practices. Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) have other psychological health problems like depression or anxiety. Their hard behaviours are often a reaction to the symptoms of these conditions.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) improve their mood and manage their anger. CBT works by making the child aware of the thinking patterns that fuel their behaviour that thinking. Social skills training may also be supportive to the child with ODD.
Family remedy that helps change how the family functions can also cure. Sometimes changing parenting practices can help the child and benefit the family as a whole. In cure, it is very important to focus on other conditions the child may have.
Children who have AD/HD, anxiety or depression tend to lose symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) when their other problems are successfully cured. These are often easier to treat than ODD. Conduct Disorder (CD) is harder to cure than Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and becomes worse by time.
This makes early intervention much more important. Programs that can be helpful include parent training, family therapy and Multisystemic Therapy (MST), an intensive program that cures the whole family and also involves school and community. Programs that are punitive or frightening in nature are not shown to be helpful and may even cause more harm than good.